Sunday, March 7, 2010

Chapter 58- Sankhya Yogam Discourse to Siddhaiyya

One day when Sri Swami woke up from his ‘Nirguna Samadhi’, Siddhaiyya went near him and started pressing his feet doing ‘Pada-Seva’. Siddhaiyya asked, “Swami! Sadguru Chandrama! Please tell me how did this entire universe take birth?”

Swami looked at Siddhaiyya and said, “I consider you as my Gyana Putra (Spiritual Son), hence I would teach you ‘Sankhya Yoga’. This discourse on ‘Sankhya’ includes Viswa Srushti, Pancha Bhoota Vimarsanam, Pancheekaranam, and Deha Tatwa Vicharana in the very same sequence. Hence you should stay focused and listen to me carefully”.

Swami continued, “This world which we see today has a story associated with its birth. Listen carefully. Before this entire universe originated, there was something which is beyond any limits, which is imperishable, which is without a second. That is called as ‘Brahmam’. In that ‘Brahmam’ there is something which has the ability to create, this is also Anadi (without a beginning). That is called as Prakriti (Nature). Together with that Prakriti the aforementioned Brahmam together is called as Eshwara or Avyakruta. From the combination of Brahmam and Prakriti (who is called as ‘Eshwara’); originated Hiranya Garbha (One having a Golden Womb) who created this entire universe. (N.B: - Brahmam and Prakriti combination what he is talking is nothing but ‘Ardhanareshwara’ form of the same Eshwara (Shiva) as what our scriptures say). From that ‘Hiranyagarbha’ ‘Vaiswanara (Virat)’ took birth”.

Slokam: -

ब्रःमनोरव्यक्तान अव्यक्तान महतः |

महत्तोयमहन्करो पञ्चतन्मात्राणि ||

पञ्चतन्मात्रेभ्यो पञ्चमहाभूतानि |

पञ्चमहाभूतेभ्यो अखिलं जगत ||

Meaning: - “From Virat/Vaiswanara ‘Mahatt’ emerged. From ‘Mahatt’ emerged ‘Ahankara’ (ego), That ‘Ahankara’ (ego) mixed with the three ‘gunas’ (qualities) of ‘Prakriti viz. Satwa, Rajo and Tamo and divided itself further as follows. It mixed with ‘Satwa’ quality of Prakriti and created Gyanendriyas (sense Organs), with ‘Rajo’ quality it created Karmendriyas (Motor organs), and with ‘Tamo’ quality it created their Vishaya (Subjects). Further, these ‘Gyanendriyas’ were accompanied by their owner deities and they created Pancha Maha Bhoota (five great elements). These are detailed as follows”:

1. ‘Sabdam’ (sound): From ‘Sabdam’, whose Lord is ‘Sadashiva’; ‘Sky/Ether’ was born

2. ‘Sparsham’ (Touch): From ‘Sparsham’ whose Lord is ‘Eshwara’, ‘Air’ took birth

3. ‘Roopam’ (face): From ‘Roopam’ whose Lord is ‘Rudra’, ‘Fire’ was born

4. ‘Rasam’ (liquid): From ‘Rasam’ whose Lord is ‘Vishnu’, ‘Water’ was born

5. ‘Gandham’ (Smell): ‘Gandham’ whose Lord is ‘Brahma’, ‘Earth’ took birth

“Per the above mentioned way, ‘Parameshwara’ created Sookshma Srushti (Micro universe) and then decided to create Macro universe. The aforementioned Pancha Maha Bhoota, when mixed with each other one by one, that’s termed as ‘Pancheekaranam’. Means divide the sky in two parts and make one of the parts as ‘Samishti Bhagam’. Likewise when all the other ‘Bhootams’ (elements) were divided, the outcome was 25 ‘Tatwams (essences)’. Now, let me tell you what these twenty five tatwams were. They’re,

1. Gyana, Mano, Buddhi, Chitta, and Ahankara are the five inner ‘indriyas’

2. Samana, Vyana, Udana, Pana, and Apana are ‘Pancha Pranams’

3. Srotram, Twakk, Chakshu, Jihva, Pranam are five ‘Gyanendriyams’

4. Vak, Pani, Padam, Gudam, Guhyam are five ‘Karmendriyams’

5. Sabdham, Sparsham, Roopam, Rasam, Gandham are ‘Pancha tanmatras’

This body of the organisms is made up of the aforementioned 25 ‘tatwams’. This macro body is pervaded by the ‘Jeeva’ (soul) whose name is ‘Vishva’. Now I’ll tell you the ruling deities of the aforementioned twenty five ‘Tatwams’, listen!”

1. Gyana, Mano, Buddhi, Chitta, Ahanaram; these ‘tatwams’ are ruled by a ‘Ksetrapalak’ called, ‘Chanda’. And the owning deities are Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra.

2. Samana, Vyana, Udana, Pana, and Apana which are ‘Vayu Panchakam’ are ruled and owned by ‘Vijaya’, ‘Jaya’, and ‘Visannrushna’

3. Srotram, Twakk, Chakshu, Jihva, Pranam; these are ‘Agni Panchakam’ and to them ‘Astha dik’ (eight directions), ‘Vayu’, ‘Surya’, ‘Varuna’, and ‘Ashwani Devatas’ are the rulers and owners

4. Sabdham, Sparsham, Roopam, Rasam, Gandham are ‘Jala Panchakam’ and these are ruled as well as owned by, ‘Adishakti’, ‘Ichcha Shakti’, ‘Kriya Shakti’, ‘Gyana Shakti’ and ‘Para Shakti’

5. Vak, Pani, Padam, Gudam, Guhyam are the ‘Prudhvi Panchakam’ and these are ruled and owned by ‘Agni’, ‘Indra’, ‘Vishnu’, ‘Brahma’ and ‘Mrityu’

“Now I shall tell you details of Deha Trayam (Three types of Bodies) which are - Sthoola DehamSookshma Deham (Subtle Body), and Kaarana Deham (Causal Body): (Gross body),

The body which is constituted of these twenty five elements is called as ‘Sthoola Deham’ (macro Body). Five ‘Gyanendriyas’, five ‘Karmendriyas’, five ‘Pranams’, and ‘Mano Buddhi’; these 17 constituents form the ‘Sookshma Deham’ (Micro body). This ‘Sookshma Deham’ is also known as, ‘Linga Deham’ or ‘Linga Shareeram’. Both these ‘Sthoola Deham’ and ‘Sookshma Deham’ work together”.

“If there is a smoke and fire is not visible then also the reason for the smoke is the fire itself. The same is of the form of Agyanam (ignorance) and this Agyanam forms Karana Deham (Causal Body). When one says, ‘I am ignorant’, his ignorance becomes visible. This ‘Agyanam’ is only termed as ‘Karana Shareeram’. And only from that ‘Agyanam’/’Karana Shareeram’; these ‘Sthoola Dehams’ are being formed. I’ll explain how”.

Slokam:-

अज्ञानाद अविवेकः अविवेकारभिमानः

अभिमानाद्रागाद्रयः रागादयः कर्माणि,

कर्माणि शरीरापरग्रहाणि

Meaning: - “From ignorance, foolishness takes birth. From it ‘I, me and myself’ which is Abhimanam (ego/pride) takes birth. This ego generates lust and anger. Due to lust and anger the Jeevatma (Soul) gets involved in many kinds of ‘Karmas’ and gets trapped in the net of ‘karmas’ (actions) and keeps oscillating between birth and death again and again, suffers and remains unhappy. Till the time this ‘Karana Deham’ known as ‘Agyanam’ doesn’t perish, there is no Mukti (salvation) for the soul. In other words, till the time one remains ‘Agyani’ (ignorant), his ‘Karana Deham’ (‘Agyanam’) remains alive, even if his ‘Sthoola Deham’ is dead and cremated. Since his ‘Karana Deham’ is alive, it drives the soul to enter into another ‘Sthoola Deham’ again. This way the cycle of birth and death continues. But the moment this ‘Agyanam’ or ignorance is destroyed by the light of Brahma Gyanam (divine wisdom), it means his ‘Karana Deham’ is destroyed. So when he doesn’t have a ‘karanam’ (Reason/Cause) for taking birth again, he is liberated”.

Slokam:-

तधाविद्वान् ब्रःमग्यानाग्नि न कर्मबन्धं निर्गमैः

Meaning:-

“When a person acquires ‘Brahma Gyana’ his ignorance of ‘Agyana’ gets destroyed. When there is no ’Agyana’ he is liberated”.

“Hence every human being should try to attain this stage to come out of the cycle of births and deaths, otherwise there is no escape”.

Swami stopped for a while after telling the aforementioned details when Siddhaiyya questioned him, “Swami! With your divine grace and mercy you taught me ‘Taraka Sootram’ last time, and now you have beautifully explained me ‘Sankshya Sootram’. But is this the end of ‘Sankhya Sootram’ or some more details are remaining to be told?”

Swami smiled and replied, “Son! I am pleased to see your thirst for learning it more. Listen then!”

Slokam:-

पञ्चैतानि, दसेन्द्रियाणि,

विषयाः, प्राणाषष्ट चक्रया, रागष्ठकरुधचतुषडूर्मुभिः,

साप्तानि तधतवः, नाडि, मण्डल,

मीशनत्त्रयः, गुणवस्थास्च तापत्रयं |

कोशा, पराच, तनुस्च शन्नतिकं तवानि जीवात्मना ||

Meaning:-

“These are the 96 ‘Tatwams’ ; five ‘Pancha Bhootas’, five ‘Gyanendriyas’, five ‘Karmendriyas’, ten ‘Vishayam (subjects)’, ten ‘Prana Vayu and Upa Prana Vayu’, six ‘Shatchakram (energy shells)’, eight ‘Ragam’, four ‘Anthahkaranam (types of awarenesses)’, six ‘Shadoorma (hunger, desire, lust, sorrow, old age, death)’, seven ‘Dhatus (metals)’, ten ‘Nadis (Pulses)’, three ‘Mandalas (nerve groups)’, three ‘Ooshanam’, three ‘Gunam (Satwa, Raja, Tamo)’, three ‘AvasthaTapatraya (Adhyatmika, Adhidaivika, Adhibhoutika)’, five ‘Kosam (layers)’; all these constitute a pack of 96 Tatwams”. (Jagrut, Swapna, Sushupti)’, three ‘

The body which is made up of these 96 ‘Tatwams’, is known as Jeevatma (Soul) which maps itself with the ‘I’ identity. Know about this. Now I shall preach you ‘Ghata Pramanam’”.

-**GHATA VIMARSANA**-

“This ‘Ghatam (Sareeram/Body)’ has a length of 96 fingers. It has a height of 7 feet, and 4 feet of circumference or width. This body has 33 Crore pores, intestines of 30 ‘Moorala’ length (15 yards), 92 tunnels (joints), 206 bones, 1 heart of the weight of 8 ‘Phalam (24 tulas)’, Blood of 40 ‘Phalams’ weight, flesh of 360 ‘phalam’ weight, ½ ‘Sola’ (seer/ser) bile juice, ¼ sola ‘sleshma (phlegm)’, ½ sola Semen. These are the constituents of the ‘Sthoola Sareeram’. This body is the form and cause of sorrow. And the feeling of “I’m the body” is ignorance in the ‘Jeevatma’. But knowledge of the fact that ‘I’m not this body - I’m the soul’ takes a person to Jeevana Mukti (Salvation)”.

Thus Swami concluded his preaching on ‘Sankhya Yoga’ when Siddhaiyya’s face started blooming with extreme happiness to realize all these secrests of one’s body.

Siddhaiyya with immense happiness and gratification said to Swami, “Swami! Sadguru Prabhu! On the first day you preached that in our body Gods reside. In this disgusting body which is full of excreta, urine, blood, pus and other foul smelling substances, where do the Gods reside. Please explain!”

Swami replied, “Siddha! Son! In this body there are six energy shells (Chakras) viz. Aadhara, Swadhishthana, Manipooraka, Anahata, Vishuddha, and Agneya. Every Chakra (shell) has petals, seed sound, ‘Lingam’, ruling deities, colors, energies, and one ‘Hamsa’. I’ll explain you in detail. Listen to this carefully”.


FOOTNOTES

The same ‘Sankhya Yoga’ was taught by Sri Veerambotlayya (Swami’s childhood name) to his mother. There in Chapter 14 this Yogic theory is presented in brief, here it’s presented in finer details.

2 comments:

  1. All the parts explaining yogic practice and spiritual chakras present in our body is neat and clear. But needs a real guru if you want practice it. Never try it by all alone

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  2. Your point is correct. Guru Mukhena Vidya!!...And these Yogic practices if done without the supervision of an expert Guru then these may also cause some negative effects on our body which may sometimes even be irreversible.

    ReplyDelete